Journal of Global Infectious Diseases

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2018  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 121--124

Comparative study on the epidemiological trends and aspects of murine typhus in Korea in the last decade (2006–2015)


Byung-Joon Chang1, Seong-Joon Kim1, Won-Chang Lee1, Myeong-Jin Lee2, Nong-Hoon Choe1 
1 Department of Veterinary Public Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, Konkuk University, 143-701 Seoul, Republic of Korea
2 Department of Health and Nutrition, Otemae University, Osaka 540-0008, Japan

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Nong-Hoon Choe
Laboratory of Veterinary Public Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, Konkuk University, 143-701 Seoul
Republic of Korea

Introduction: In this study, we undertook a retrospective analysis of the epidemiological aspects and risk factors of murine typhus (MT) in Korea in the last decade (2006–2015). Materials and Methods: MT infections in Korea using a total of 411 cases obtained from the Diseases Web Statistical System of the Korea Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Results: In a total of 411 MT infection cases, the cumulative incidence rate was 0.08/100,000 populations. Men were slightly more infected by MT as compared to women (51.3% vs. 48.7%), and a higher incidence of MT was observed in people aged over 40 years (93.4%; P < 0.01). The seasonal pattern of outbreaks revealed that most infections occurred from October to November (69.1% of the total cases) (P < 0.01). Significantly more outbreaks occurred in the southern part (53.5%) of the Korean peninsula as compared to its northern (33.3%) and central (10.7%) parts, as well as the Jeju Island (1.0%) (P < 0.01). In addition, the number of MT infections was significantly higher in rural and sea-village (87.6%) than in urban areas (12.4%; P < 0.01). Conclusion: In conclusion, the rapid reemergence of MT outbreaks can be minimized through health education, and a strong enforcement of control measures against rats and their ectoparasites could markedly reduce the transmission of this infection to humans in high-risk areas.


How to cite this article:
Chang BJ, Kim SJ, Lee WC, Lee MJ, Choe NH. Comparative study on the epidemiological trends and aspects of murine typhus in Korea in the last decade (2006–2015).J Global Infect Dis 2018;10:121-124


How to cite this URL:
Chang BJ, Kim SJ, Lee WC, Lee MJ, Choe NH. Comparative study on the epidemiological trends and aspects of murine typhus in Korea in the last decade (2006–2015). J Global Infect Dis [serial online] 2018 [cited 2021 Nov 30 ];10:121-124
Available from: https://www.jgid.org/article.asp?issn=0974-777X;year=2018;volume=10;issue=3;spage=121;epage=124;aulast=Chang;type=0