Journal of Global Infectious Diseases

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2014  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 99--104

A hospital-based retrospective study on frequency and distribution of viral Hepatitis


Jimmy Antony, TM Celine 
 Department of Community Medicine, M.O.S.C Medical College, Kolenchery, Ernakulam District, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Jimmy Antony
Department of Community Medicine, M.O.S.C Medical College, Kolenchery, Ernakulam District, Kerala
India

Background: Viral hepatitis is a major public health problem throughout the world. It is the inflammation of the liver due to the infection of any of the five main hepatic viruses A to E and it affects the liver through different modes of transmission. This study mainly aims at the frequency and distribution of viral hepatitis based on age and sex during a time period of 5 years. Materials and Methods: This is a hospital-based retrospective study of 5 years at a tertiary level hospital in Kerala state in India. Medical records department of the hospital follow the guidelines of International Classification of Diseases-10 for coding the diseases. The data on frequency and distribution of viral hepatitis based on age and sex during a period of 5 years from April 2005 to March 2010 were collected and analyzed and SQzSQ test was used for finding out the difference in proportions. Result: Out of 818 cases, 76.03% were males and 23.96% were females. The preponderance of males was apparent in all types of viral hepatitis infection. The high risk groups were the adults in the age group of 20-39 years. The main cause in the present study was hepatitis E virus (HEV) and followed by hepatitis A virus (HAV). Of total viral hepatitis cases, 31.54% were due to HAV, 6.35% hepatitis B virus, 0.85% hepatitis C virus and 61.24% were due to HEV respectively. In the present study, there was no case of hepatitis D virus has reported. The case fatality rate of viral hepatitis in the present study was minor than 1% (0.98%); whereas males were 0.96%; females of 1.02%. Conclusion: Taking the safety measures including vaccination and proper management of waste materials are the only solution to control or eradicate this infection.


How to cite this article:
Antony J, Celine T M. A hospital-based retrospective study on frequency and distribution of viral Hepatitis.J Global Infect Dis 2014;6:99-104


How to cite this URL:
Antony J, Celine T M. A hospital-based retrospective study on frequency and distribution of viral Hepatitis. J Global Infect Dis [serial online] 2014 [cited 2021 Apr 23 ];6:99-104
Available from: https://www.jgid.org/article.asp?issn=0974-777X;year=2014;volume=6;issue=3;spage=99;epage=104;aulast=Antony;type=0