Journal of Global Infectious Diseases

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2011  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 339--343

Utility of gastric lavage for diagnosis of tuberculosis in patients who are unable to expectorate sputum


Parvaneh Baghaei1, Payam Tabarsi1, Parisa Farnia1, Amir Hoseyn Radaei2, Mehdi Kazempour1, Yazdan Ali Faghani2, Mehdi Mirsaeidi1, Atieh Novin1, Ehsan Chitsaz1, Davoud Mansouri1, Mohammad Reza Masjedi1, Ali Akbar Velayati1 
1 Clinical Tuberculosis and Epidemiology Research Center, N. R. I. T. L. D, Masih Daneshvari Hospital, Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Science and Health Services, Tehran, Iran
2 Azad Medical University, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Parvaneh Baghaei
Clinical Tuberculosis and Epidemiology Research Center, N. R. I. T. L. D, Masih Daneshvari Hospital, Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Science and Health Services, Tehran
Iran

Background: There are number of patients who are unable to expectorate sputum specimens. In this study, we used gastric lavage (GL) test for diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) in patients who were unable to produce sputum. Materials and Methods: Patients who were unable to produce sputum specimens were included in the study to confirm TB disease. Gastric lavage sampling was performed and sent for acid fast bacillus smear and culture under special laboratory conditions and sterilized methods. Further bronchoscopy for broncho-alveolar lavage was done on patients with negative GL smear results. Drug susceptibility tests were performed on 48 GL culture positive cases. Results: Eighty-five patients were included in the study; who were hospitalized at our referral center for suspected TB. GL smears were reported to be positive in 37 cases (66.07%) and culture in 85.7%. The total number of smear and culture-positive cases in this study was 48 (85.7%). Forty cases (87%) of drug-sensitive, 1 case (2.2%) of isoniazid and rifampin-resistant TB (multi-drug resistant; MDR), and 5 cases of resistant to one drug were detected. There have not been observed any complications after the GL method. Conclusion: It seems that regarding the high number of positive GL cultures (85.7%), GL can be effective for diagnosis of patients who have suspicious tuberculosis symptoms and are unable to produce sputum especially in resource limited areas.


How to cite this article:
Baghaei P, Tabarsi P, Farnia P, Radaei AH, Kazempour M, Faghani YA, Mirsaeidi M, Novin A, Chitsaz E, Mansouri D, Masjedi MR, Velayati AA. Utility of gastric lavage for diagnosis of tuberculosis in patients who are unable to expectorate sputum.J Global Infect Dis 2011;3:339-343


How to cite this URL:
Baghaei P, Tabarsi P, Farnia P, Radaei AH, Kazempour M, Faghani YA, Mirsaeidi M, Novin A, Chitsaz E, Mansouri D, Masjedi MR, Velayati AA. Utility of gastric lavage for diagnosis of tuberculosis in patients who are unable to expectorate sputum. J Global Infect Dis [serial online] 2011 [cited 2020 Dec 1 ];3:339-343
Available from: https://www.jgid.org/article.asp?issn=0974-777X;year=2011;volume=3;issue=4;spage=339;epage=343;aulast=Baghaei;type=0