Journal of Global Infectious Diseases

INFECTION CONTROL STUDIES
Year
: 2011  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 189--194

Cholera in Ecuador: Current relevance of past lessons learnt


SS Malavade1, A Narvaez2, A Mitra3, T Ochoa1, E Naik4, M Sharma6, S Galwankar1, MD Breglia6, R Izurieta5 
1 Department of Global Health, University of South Florida, Florida, USA
2 Ministry of Public Health of Ecuador, Florida, USA
3 Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Southern Mississippi, Florida, USA
4 Department of Global Health, University of South Florida, Florida; University of South Florida College of Medicine, Florida, USA
5 Department of Global Health, University of South Florida, Florida; Biomedicine Center, Universidad Central Ecuador, Florida, USA

Correspondence Address:
R Izurieta
Department of Global Health, University of South Florida, Florida; Biomedicine Center, Universidad Central Ecuador, Florida
USA

This report analyses the trends in the cholera epidemic that hit Ecuador in 1991. The study is based on personal experiences and analysis of epidemiological databases from the Ministry of Public Health of Ecuador. The number of cases and initial attack rates in an immunologically naive population are described by province. An analysis of the Andean and coastal cholera patterns of transmission are described along with its associated risk factors. The logistical, environmental, and socio-cultural risk factors prevalent during the epidemic and the control measures implemented are also reviewed. Also, the role of the epidemic in the development of the public health and healthcare resources in Ecuador is discussed here. Current data indicate favorable conditions for another outbreak of cholera in Ecuador. In view of the existing risk factors, new strategies are proposed to prevent such an epidemic in the future.


How to cite this article:
Malavade S S, Narvaez A, Mitra A, Ochoa T, Naik E, Sharma M, Galwankar S, Breglia M D, Izurieta R. Cholera in Ecuador: Current relevance of past lessons learnt.J Global Infect Dis 2011;3:189-194


How to cite this URL:
Malavade S S, Narvaez A, Mitra A, Ochoa T, Naik E, Sharma M, Galwankar S, Breglia M D, Izurieta R. Cholera in Ecuador: Current relevance of past lessons learnt. J Global Infect Dis [serial online] 2011 [cited 2021 Oct 25 ];3:189-194
Available from: https://www.jgid.org/article.asp?issn=0974-777X;year=2011;volume=3;issue=2;spage=189;epage=194;aulast=Malavade;type=0