Journal of Global Infectious Diseases

NOSOCOMIAL SURVEILLANCE
Year
: 2010  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 28--34

Hepatitis B vaccination status and needlestick injuries among healthcare workers in Syria


Rabi Yacoub1, Radwan Al Ali2, Ghamez Moukeh2, Ayham Lahdo2, Yaser Mouhammad2, Mahmood Nasser2 
1 University at Buffalo, NY, USA
2 Department of Internal Medicine, Aleppo University Hospital, Aleppo, Syria

Correspondence Address:
Rabi Yacoub
University at Buffalo, NY
USA

Background: Although a majority of countries in the Middle East show intermediate or high endemicity of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, which clearly poses a serious public health problem in the region, the situation in the Republic of Syria remains unclear. The aim of this study is to determine the hepatitis B vaccination status, to assess the number of vaccinations administered, and to estimate the annual incidence of needlestick injuries (NSIs) among healthcare workers (HCWs) in Aleppo University hospitals. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional design with a survey questionnaire was used for exploring details of NSIs during 2008, hepatitis B vaccination status, and HBV infection among a random stratified sample of HCWs in three tertiary hospitals in Aleppo (n= 321). Results: Two hundred and forty-six (76.6%) HCWs had sustained at least one NSI during 2008. Nine (2.8%) had HBV chronic infection and 75 HCWs (23.4%) were never vaccinated. Anesthesiology technicians had the greatest exposure risk when compared to office workers [OR=16,95% CI (2.55-100), P<0.01], doctors [OR=10,95% CI (2.1 47.57), P < 0.01], and nurses [OR = 6.75,95% CI (1.56-29.03), P = 0.01]. HCWs under 25 and between the age of 25 and 35 years were at increased risk for NSI when compared to HCWs older than 45 years [OR = 3.12,95% CI (1.19-8.19), P = 0.02] and [OR = 3.05,95% CI (1.42-6.57), P < 0.01], respectively. Conclusion: HCWs at Aleppo University hospitals are frequently exposed to blood-borne infections. Precautions and protection from NSIs are important in preventing infection of HCWs. Education about the transmission of blood-borne infections, vaccination, and post-exposure prophylaxis must be implemented and strictly monitored.


How to cite this article:
Yacoub R, Al Ali R, Moukeh G, Lahdo A, Mouhammad Y, Nasser M. Hepatitis B vaccination status and needlestick injuries among healthcare workers in Syria.J Global Infect Dis 2010;2:28-34


How to cite this URL:
Yacoub R, Al Ali R, Moukeh G, Lahdo A, Mouhammad Y, Nasser M. Hepatitis B vaccination status and needlestick injuries among healthcare workers in Syria. J Global Infect Dis [serial online] 2010 [cited 2020 Dec 2 ];2:28-34
Available from: https://www.jgid.org/article.asp?issn=0974-777X;year=2010;volume=2;issue=1;spage=28;epage=34;aulast=Yacoub;type=0