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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 186-188

Changing bacteriological profile and mortality trends in community acquired pneumonia

1 Department of Medicine, LN Medical College and JK Hospital, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
2 Department of Microbiology, All India Institute of Medical Science, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
3 Department of Medicine, SCB Medical College, Cuttack, Odisha, India
4 Department of Pulmology, Hitech Medical College, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

Correspondence Address:
Sagar Khadanga
Department of Medicine, LN Medical College and JK Hospital, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0974-777X.145251

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There are very few and conflicting Indian data regarding the bacteriological etiology of community acquired pneumonia (CAP). Adding to this agony, there is no credible data from the eastern part of India. This is a cross-sectional study and descriptive in nature over a period of 1-year. Of the 464 cases of the study population, we could isolate aerobic bacteria in 149 patients (32.1%). Streptococcus pneumoniae has been identified as the most common organism causing CAP (68/149). Gram-negative bacilli (GNB) as a group exceeded marginally over S. pneumoniae (69/149). Among GNB, Pseudomonas aeruginosa was the most common organism (31/69), followed by Klebsiella pneumoniae (29/69). Staphylococcus aureus was identified in (12/149) cases. Co-amoxyclav is still the most sensitive drug for S. pneumoniae. P. aeruginosa was most sensitive to imipenam followed by piperacillin-tazobactam.

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2008 Journal of Global Infectious Diseases | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 10th December, 2008