Journal of Global Infectious Diseases

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2015  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 30--32

Epidemiological characteristics of patients attending for rabies post-exposure prophylaxis at the infectious diseases hospital of Lucknow, India


Krishna Kumar Sahu1, Manish K Manar2, Shivandra K Singh2, Harshwardhan Singh3 
1 Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, MLB Medical College, Jhansi, India
2 Department of Community Medicine and Public Health, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, India
3 Department of Community Medicine, S N Medical College, Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Krishna Kumar Sahu
Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, MLB Medical College, Jhansi
India

Aims: The objective of the study was to assess epidemiological and anti-rabies vaccination status in animal bite patients attending the Infectious Diseases Hospital, Lucknow. Materials and Methods: A longitudinal survey was conducted in the Infectious Diseases Hospital of Lucknow from January to December 2013. During this duration a total of 390 patients presenting with animal bites were included. Results: A majority (63.3%) of patients were in the 16-59 years age group. 75% of patients had attended the IDH for rabies post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) within 24 hours. The male to female ratio was 2.98:1. A majority (79.5%) of patients were injured by dogs. 9.0% patients were in close contact with rabies patient. On the basis of WHO classification, 4.2% of animal bite patients were placed in grade I, 88.2 in grade II and 7.6% in grade III. In 73.3% of patients wound were in lower limbs. Complete vaccination was found in 65.0% and the use of human rabies immune globulin was only in 11.1%. Conclusion: Outcome of an animal bite can be fatal. The only preventive/curative measure available is anti-rabies vaccination and the use of human rabies immune globulin, hence to assure 100% compliance for the same awareness campaign is required.


How to cite this article:
Sahu KK, Manar MK, Singh SK, Singh H. Epidemiological characteristics of patients attending for rabies post-exposure prophylaxis at the infectious diseases hospital of Lucknow, India.J Global Infect Dis 2015;7:30-32


How to cite this URL:
Sahu KK, Manar MK, Singh SK, Singh H. Epidemiological characteristics of patients attending for rabies post-exposure prophylaxis at the infectious diseases hospital of Lucknow, India. J Global Infect Dis [serial online] 2015 [cited 2020 Aug 14 ];7:30-32
Available from: http://www.jgid.org/article.asp?issn=0974-777X;year=2015;volume=7;issue=1;spage=30;epage=32;aulast=Sahu;type=0