Journal of Global Infectious Diseases

GEOGRAPHIC MEDICINE
Year
: 2010  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 121--123

Effect of different hosts on feeding patterns and mortality of mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) and their implications on parasite transmission


Eliningaya J Kweka1, Beda J Mwang'onde1, Lucile Lyaruu1, Filemoni Tenu2, Aneth M Mahande1 
1 Tropical Pesticides Research Institute, Division of Livestock and Human Disease Vector Control, P.O.Box 3024, Arusha, Tanzania
2 National Institute for Medical Research, Amani Research Centre, P. O. Box 81, Muheza, Tanga

Correspondence Address:
Eliningaya J Kweka
Tropical Pesticides Research Institute, Division of Livestock and Human Disease Vector Control, P.O.Box 3024, Arusha, Tanzania

Aim: The host-response to hematophagus insects is still an important parameter in understanding disease transmission patterns. We investigated the feeding and mortality rates of three mosquito species, namely Culex quinquefasciatus, Aedes aegypti and Anopheles arabiensis against three different hosts. Materials and Methods: Unfed three to five-day-old female mosquitoes were released in a tunnel box that had a rabbit or guinea pig or mice as a host. The feeding succession patterns of mosquitoes in different hosts were An. arabiensis, Cx. quinquefasciatus and A. aegypti. Results: Mosquito mortality rate was 54.9% for mosquitoes introduced in mice as a host, 34.3% in the Guinea pig and 10.8% for those that introduced in the rabbit. Conclusion: The presence of defensive and tolerable hosts in environment emphasizes the relevance of studying epidemiological impact of these behaviors in relation to diseases transmission.


How to cite this article:
Kweka EJ, Mwang'onde BJ, Lyaruu L, Tenu F, Mahande AM. Effect of different hosts on feeding patterns and mortality of mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) and their implications on parasite transmission.J Global Infect Dis 2010;2:121-123


How to cite this URL:
Kweka EJ, Mwang'onde BJ, Lyaruu L, Tenu F, Mahande AM. Effect of different hosts on feeding patterns and mortality of mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) and their implications on parasite transmission. J Global Infect Dis [serial online] 2010 [cited 2020 Aug 13 ];2:121-123
Available from: http://www.jgid.org/article.asp?issn=0974-777X;year=2010;volume=2;issue=2;spage=121;epage=123;aulast=Kweka;type=0