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   Table of Contents     
LETTERS TO EDITOR  
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 114-115
2021 olympic games Tokyo: Safety issues and protection against COVID-19 transmission


Laboratory of Molecular Microbiology, Federal University of Uberlandia, Uberlândia, MG, Brazil

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Date of Submission17-Apr-2020
Date of Acceptance17-Apr-2020
Date of Web Publication22-May-2020
 

How to cite this article:
Ribas RM, Campos PA, Brito CS, Dantas RC. 2021 olympic games Tokyo: Safety issues and protection against COVID-19 transmission. J Global Infect Dis 2020;12:114-5

How to cite this URL:
Ribas RM, Campos PA, Brito CS, Dantas RC. 2021 olympic games Tokyo: Safety issues and protection against COVID-19 transmission. J Global Infect Dis [serial online] 2020 [cited 2020 Jun 7];12:114-5. Available from: http://www.jgid.org/text.asp?2020/12/2/114/284627




Sir,

Tokyo will soon host one of the world's biggest sporting events, Olympic Games that are expected to happen on July 23, 2021. This event is a great opportunity and potential for triggering a new global dissemination of not only the coronavirus but also bacteria containing successful antimicrobial drug-resistant determinants.

One recent study published by Kissler et al.[1] highlighted the problem. According to this publication, even in the event of apparent elimination after the initial, most severe pandemic wave, SARS-CoV-2 surveillance should be maintained since resurgence in contagion could be possible as late as 2024. One of the risks in large concentrations is the presence of someone capable of infecting a considerable number of people, and it can be a calamity considering that the initial estimates of R0 for SARS-CoV-2 vary from 1.6 to 4.1.[2],[3] In addition, the strong infectivity of SARS-CoV-2 and the rapid asymptomatic transmission during the long incubation period have been precisely demonstrated.[4]

The treatment of COVID-19 is mainly focused on the rigorous implementation of public health measures, since SARS-CoV-2 infections do not yet have antiviral therapy and effective vaccines. In addition, another concern that is being considered in recent years has been regarding ease of transmission of respiratory-borne diseases in an air cabin environment.[5] In this context, the risk of international spread of COVID-19 for several countries is imminent and worrisome because we may be facing a second infection curve in the near future.

These risks and their implications for public health are often overlooked. They are very important and should be considered by the WHO and other health authorities in advance of a sporting global event. Since an understanding of the risk of infection with SARS-CoV-2 is well known in the world, prevention and accompaniment of travelers measures can be discussed when an event of this size will be held.

The Olympic Games Tokyo 2021 will undoubtedly ensure that the stadiums will be crowded with spectators. The risk of exposu to COVID-19 among other communicable diseases through close contact both for travelers and spectators attending the event themselves would support the recommendation of the post-Olympic Games surveillance system. This measure would be essential to prevent the international travel of possible epidemic microorganisms, as well as ensure the isolation of those with symptoms for COVID-19.

Although scientists do not believe that a related COVID-19 epidemic will spread rapidly and intensively in Japan, the COVID-19 pandemic will be able to test again world health systems; however, the world is more secure when safe measures are taken from the experience gained.

Financial support and sponsorship

This study was supported by CNPq and FAPEMIG. This letter was based on observations and reflections about COVID-19 pandemic during studies supported by the funding agencies.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
   References Top

1.
Kissler S, Tedijanto C, Goldstein E, Grad Y, Lipsitch M. Projecting the transmission dynamics of SARS-CoV-2 through the post-pandemic period. medRxiv; 2020.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Read JM, Bridgen JR, Cummings DA, Ho A, Jewell CP. Novel coronavirus 2019-nCoV: Early estimation of epidemiological parameters and epidemic predictions. MedRxiv; 2020.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Liu T, Hu J, Kang M, Lin L, Zhong H, Xiao J, et al. Transmission dynamics of 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV).  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Huang L, Zhang X, Zhang X, Wei Z, Zhang L, Xu J, et al. Rapid asymptomatic transmission of COVID-19 during the incubation period demonstrating strong infectivity in a cluster of youngsters aged 16-23 years outside Wuhan and characteristics of young patients with COVID-19: A prospective contact-tracing study. J Infect 2020.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Zuckerman JN. TB or not TB--air travel and tuberculosis. Travel Med Infect Dis 2010;8:81.  Back to cited text no. 5
    

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Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rosineide Marques Ribas
Av. Pará, 1720, 38400-902, Uberlândia, MG
Brazil
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jgid.jgid_88_20

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