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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 152-158

Impact of per capita income on the effectiveness of school-based health education programs to promote cervical cancer screening uptake in southern Mozambique


1 Department of Global Health Policy, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 1130033, Japan; Faculty of Medicine, Eduardo Mondlane University, PO Box 257, Maputo, Mozambique
2 Division of Infectious Diseases, Vanderbilt Institute for Global Health, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, USA
3 Human Research Protection Program, School of Medicine, University of California San Diego, San Diego, CA, USA
4 Faculty of Medicine, Eduardo Mondlane University, PO Box 257, Maputo, Mozambique

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Floriano Amimo
Department of Global Health Policy, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 1130033, Japan

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jgid.jgid_165_17

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Context: In the face of rising mortality rates from cervical cancer (CC) among women of reproductive age, a nationwide screening program based on visual inspection with acetic acid was introduced in Mozambique in 2009. Objective: The objective of the study is to examine the impact of per capita income on the effectiveness of school-based health education programs to promote the utilization of CC screening services. Materials and Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study in 2013 involving 105 women randomly selected from households of different economic backgrounds. Marginal effect estimates derived from a logit model were used to explore the patterns in the effectiveness of school-based health education to promote CC screening uptake according to household per capita income, based on purchasing power parity. Results: We found a CC screening uptake of 16.1% (95% confidence interval [CI], 9.7%–24.6%) even though 64.6% (95% CI, 54.2%–74.1%) of women had heard of it. There are important economic differentials in the effectiveness of school-based health education to influence women's decision to receive CC screening. Among women with primary school or less, the probability of accessing CC screening services increases with increasing income (P < 0.05). However, income significantly reduces the effect that school-based health education has on the probability of screening uptake among those women with more than 7 years of educational attainment (P = 0.02). Conclusion: These results show that CC screening programs in resource-constrained settings need approaches tailored to different segments of women with respect to education and income to achieve equitable improvement in the levels of screening uptake.


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2008 Journal of Global Infectious Diseases | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 10th December, 2008