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   Table of Contents     
CASE REPORT  
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 85-86
A case of aerococcus urinae vertebral osteomyelitis


1 Department of Graduate Medical Education, Seton Hall University, School of Health and Medical Sciences; Department of Infectious Disease, St. Michael's Medical Center, New Jersey, USA
2 Department of Graduate Medical Education, Seton Hall University, School of Health and Medical Sciences; Department of Infectious Disease, St. Joseph Medical Center, New Jersey, USA

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Date of Web Publication19-May-2015
 

   Abstract 

Aerococcus urinae is an aerobic, alpha hemolytic gram positive coccus bacterium that grows in pairs or clusters. We report the first case of vertebral osteomyelitis due to A. urinae. This has not been previously reported in the literature.

Keywords: Aerococcus urinae, Osteomyelitis, Alpha hemolytic

How to cite this article:
Jerome M, Slim J, Sison R, Marton R. A case of aerococcus urinae vertebral osteomyelitis. J Global Infect Dis 2015;7:85-6

How to cite this URL:
Jerome M, Slim J, Sison R, Marton R. A case of aerococcus urinae vertebral osteomyelitis. J Global Infect Dis [serial online] 2015 [cited 2019 Nov 22];7:85-6. Available from: http://www.jgid.org/text.asp?2015/7/2/85/157246



   Case report Top


A 37-year-old obese Hispanic male came to the emergency room (ER) with a 4 weeks history of nonradiating, dull lower back pain. No other symptoms were noted. He denied any history of recent trauma. He had been in a motor vehicle accident many years prior, which had led to multiple episodes of urinary tract infections (UTIs) due to urethral strictures; the most recent UTI 1 month prior was due to Enterococcus fecalis. Urethral dilatation by cystoscopy and a course of amoxicillin-clavulanic acid was provided for treatment. Physical examination revealed elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) of 92 and C-reactive protein (CRP) 35.9. Computed tomography (CT) lumbar spine revealed new destructive changes within the endplates of paralleling L2-L3 levels with apparent surrounding inflammatory changes highly suspicious for osteomyelitis/discitis. The patient was admitted and started empirically on vancomcyin and piperacillin-tazobactam by the primary admitting team. Infectious disease consultation recommended bone culture and pathology, which was subsequently obtained by interventional radiology early in hospital course. Bone specimen culture revealed a catalase negative gram positive cocci growing in pairs and clusters. Because of its unusual growth pattern, further biochemical analysis was done and showed the organism to be positive for hippurate hydrolysis, indentifying it as belonging to the Aerococcus genus. Antibiotic susceptibility revealed the organism to be penicillin-sensitive but resistant to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, identifying the species as A. urinae. The patient was switched to cefazolin and was treated for 6 weeks. The patient showed clinical improvement in terms of his back pain with proper analgesia.


   Discussion Top


A. urinae is a commensal organism of the urinary tract. Due to our patient's history of frequent genitourinary (GU) infections and manipulations, it can be postulated that he possibly developed transient A. urinae bacteremia, allowing the bacteria to lodge in his lumbar vertebrae, ultimately causing osteomyelitis and discitis. A. urinae is a rare human pathogen, and this is the first case report of it causing vertebral osteomyelitis. This uncommon human pathogen is commonly mistaken for Staphylococcus or Streptococcus, owing to the difficulties in identifying this organism. [1] Originally classified as Aerococcus-like organism, A. urinae was assigned as a distinct species in this genus in 1992. [2] Rare case reports have described this organism as a cause of urinary tract infections, sepsis, bacteremia, and endocarditis. [3],[4] A. urinae strains have been found to be resistant to sulfonamides and other antimicrobials used for treating urinary tract infections, including cotrimoxazole, trimethoprim, nalidixic acid, and polymyxins. [5] Clinicians should remember A. urinae as a potential pathogenic organism in patients with history of GU infections and manipulations. Therefore, again it has been noted to be susceptible to penicillin and resistant to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole.


   Acknowledgment Top


I would like to acknowledge my fellowship program director Dr. Slim, and all faculty for their assistance in the preparation of this manuscript.

 
   References Top

1.
Zhang Q, Kwoh C, Attorri S, Clarridge JE 3rd. Aerocococcus urinnae in urinary tract infections. J Clin Microbiol 2000;38:1703-5.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Aguirre M, Collins MD. Phylogenetic analysis of some Aerococcus-like organisms from urinary tract infections: Description of Aerococcus urinae sp. Nov J Gen Microbiol 1992;138:401-5.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
de Jong MF, Soetekouw R, ten Kate RW, Veenendaal D. Aerococcus urinae: Severe and fatal bloodstream infections and endocarditis. J Clin Microbiol 2010;48:3445-7.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Senneby E, Petersson AC, Rasmussen M. Clinical and microbiological features of bacteraemia with Aerococcus urinae. Clin Microbiol Infect 2012;18:546-50.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Skova R, Christense JJ, Korner B, Frimodt-Moller N, Espersen F. In vitro antimicrobial susceptibility of Aerococcus urinae to 14 antibiotics and time-kill curves for penicillin, gentatmicin and vancomycin. J Antimicrob Chemother 2001;48:653-8.  Back to cited text no. 5
    

Top
Correspondence Address:
Michael Jerome
Department of Graduate Medical Education, Seton Hall University, School of Health and Medical Sciences; Department of Infectious Disease, St. Michael's Medical Center, New Jersey
USA
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0974-777X.157246

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    Abstract
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   Acknowledgment
    References

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2008 Journal of Global Infectious Diseases | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 10th December, 2008