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LETTER TO EDITOR  
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 137
A case report of strongyloidiasis associated with giardiasis in a patient with renal calculi from a tertiary care center in South India


Department of Microbiology, Sri Muthukumaran Medical College Hospital and Research Institute, Chikkarayapuram, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

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Date of Web Publication12-Aug-2014
 

How to cite this article:
Nasimuddin S, Malayan J, Gnanadesikan S, Kandaswamy M. A case report of strongyloidiasis associated with giardiasis in a patient with renal calculi from a tertiary care center in South India . J Global Infect Dis 2014;6:137

How to cite this URL:
Nasimuddin S, Malayan J, Gnanadesikan S, Kandaswamy M. A case report of strongyloidiasis associated with giardiasis in a patient with renal calculi from a tertiary care center in South India . J Global Infect Dis [serial online] 2014 [cited 2019 Dec 6];6:137. Available from: http://www.jgid.org/text.asp?2014/6/3/137/138516


Sir,

We report a case of 30-year-old male with multiple renal calculi in both kidneys along with Strongyloides stercoralis, Giardia intestinalis, and Entamoeba coli found in the stool sample. He had presented with history of dull aching nonradiating abdominal pain with few episodes of self-limiting diarrhea for past 6 months, nausea and dysuria for past 3 months. Routine blood and urine investigations were normal. On ultrasonogram, the patient was found to have multiple hyper echoic areas conclusive of calculi in both the kidneys with largest one of 14 mm Χ 7.6 mm in size. Microscopic examination of stool showed, motile rhabditiform larvae of S. stercoralis approximately 250 μm with short buccal cavity, double bulb esophagus [Figure 1]. Oval cysts of G. intestinalis about 10 μm in size with axostyle and prominent nuclei were observed [Figure 2] along with spherical multi nucleated cysts E. coli. Subsequently the patient was treated with metronidazole 400 mg thrice daily for 5 days and thiabendazole 760 mg twice daily for 3 days. A repeat stool examination was done after 10 days and revealed no larvae, cysts or occult blood with improved patient compliance. The patient was also treated for renal calculi in the urology department. Polyparasitic infections, though rare tend to occur more commonly in immunocompromised people. [1] Polyparasitism were reported by Dinleyici et al. [2] and Rai et al. [3] in immunocompetant. E. coli, though commensals of the intestine, were also reported by Wahlgren as a causative agent of chronic diarrhea. [4] In our case, the presence of E. coli could be a commensal and not a pathogen. However, the symptoms were suggestive of chronic parasitic infection. The pathogenesis of various glomerular diseases and the parasites has been reviewed by van Velthuysen and Florquin as a role of immune mediated damage to the glomerular epithelium. [5] But until date, no data are available to show the association of these parasites and renal calculi. This emphasizes the need of future studies to describe the coexistence of parasitic infections with various other systemic diseases.
Figure 1: Rhabditiform larva of strongyloides stercoralis with short buccal cavity and double bulb esophagus

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Figure 2: Cysts of giardia intestinalis

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   References Top

1.Keiser PB, Nutman TB. Strongyloides stercoralis in the immunocompromised population. Clin Microbiol Rev 2004;17:208-17.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.Dinleyici EC, Dogan N, Ucar B, Ilhan H. Strongyloidiasis associated with amebiasis and giardiaisis in an immunocompetent boy presented with acute abdomen. Korean J Parasitol 2003;41:239-42.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.Rai S, Wadhwa V, Kharbanda P, Uppal B. A case of poly-parasitism involving a trematode and four different nematodes in a migrant from Bihar. Indian J Med Microbiol 2007;25:62-3.  Back to cited text no. 3
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4.Wahlgren M. Entamoeba coli as cause of diarrhoea? Lancet 1991;337:675.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.van Velthuysen ML, Florquin S. Glomerulopathy associated with parasitic infections. Clin Microbiol Rev 2000;13:55-66.  Back to cited text no. 5
    

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Correspondence Address:
Sowmya Nasimuddin
Department of Microbiology, Sri Muthukumaran Medical College Hospital and Research Institute, Chikkarayapuram, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0974-777X.138516

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