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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 149-152

Prevalence and distribution of schistosomiasis in Afder and Gode zone of Somali region, Ethiopia


1 Health System Research Department, Somali Regional Health Bureau, Jijiga, Ethiopia; Malaria and Other Vector Borne Disease Control Program, Somali Regional Health Bureau, Jijiga, Ethiopia
2 Public Health Emergency Sub Process Unit, Somali Regional Health Bureau, Jijiga, Ethiopia
3 Malaria and Other Vector Borne Disease Control Program, Somali Regional Health Bureau, Jijiga, Ethiopia
4 Department of Laboratory, Jijiga Health Science College, Somali region, Jijiga
5 Disease Prevention Sub Process Unit, Somali Regional Health Bureau, Jijiga, Ethiopia
6 Somali Regional Health Bureau, Jijiga, Ethiopia
7 Department of epidemiology and biostatistics jimma university, jimma Ethiopia
8 Department of Clinical Medicine, Brighton and Sussex Medical School, Falmer, Brighton, United Kingdom; Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Correspondence Address:
Nebiyu Negussu
Ectoparasites, Epidemiology, Head lice, Logistic regression analysis, Pediculosis capitis, Peru, Poverty, Risk factors

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0974-777X.122007

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Background: There is no recent information about the prevalence and distribution of schistosomiasis in the Somali national regional state of Ethiopia. Ethiopia launched the national integrated neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) Master Plan in June 2013. The Master Plan identified mapping NTDs as a prerequisite for launching control programs. Therefore it is important to understand the prevalence and distribution of schistosomiasis in respective regions. Materials and Methods: From February to March 2011, a cross-sectional survey was done in school-aged children from six districts of Afder Gode zone. Urine samples were collected and examined for ova of Schistosoma haematobium using the sedimentation technique and stool samples were collected and examined for S. mansoni using the Kato-Katz technique. A semistructured questionnaire was used to collect sociodemographic characteristics of the participants. Results: Of the 523 children, 513 (98%) of them participated in the study. The prevalence of S. haematobium was 16.0% (95% confidence interval (CI); 12.8-19.2). The rate of the disease was not uniform across the various six communities studied (x2 = 208.8, P < 0.0001). Musthail district had the highest prevalence with 64.2% (95% CI; 60.0-68.3) followed by Kelafo with 11.8% (95% CI; 9.0-14.6). No infections of S. mansoni were found in these settings. There was no difference in the prevalence of infection across age groups. Boys were more likely to be infected by S. haematobium than girls (odds ratio = 1.68; 95% CI: 1.1-2.7). Conclusion: S. haematobium infection is prevalent in the region with varying distribution across the districts. According to the World Health Organization, mass drug administration should be considered in some of the districts.


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2008 Journal of Global Infectious Diseases | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 10th December, 2008