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SYMPOSIUM
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 161-165

Conquering malaria: Enhancing the impact of effective interventions towards elimination in the diverse and changing epidemiology


1 The World Health Organization/Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases, Geneva, Switzerland
2 The World Health Organization/Global Malaria Programme, Geneva, Switzerland
3 The European and Developing Countries Clinical Trials Partnership The Hague, The Netherlands

Correspondence Address:
A Y Kitua
The World Health Organization/Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases, Geneva
Switzerland
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0974-777X.81694

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Malaria remains a major global disease burden causing just under a million deaths each year, mainly of children and pregnant women in sub-Saharan Africa. It consumes up to 40% of public health expenditure of these poor countries, causing in Africa US$ 12 billion in lost GDP every year. This should not be acceptable since malaria is preventable, and there is clear evidence that optimal use of current tools can reduce much of the suffering and deaths. Three major factors allowing this to happen include: (i) inadequate funding to implement a massive initial surge, to achieve universal coverage, (ii) weak country capacities for rapid scale up of such interventions and little or no use of evidence-guided methods, and (iii) insufficient coordination of efforts between national programmes, donors and technical agencies in strategic planning for sustaining gains and in building capacity. We discuss the importance of the surge and the kind of approaches that would accelerate the pace toward elimination and eventual eradication.


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